Feb 12 2016

When Bollywood Went To Kashmir

by   Sonal Pandya

In October 1947 the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir permitted his kingdom to join India. Since then, several Hindi movies from Barsaat (1949) to Fitoor (2016) have been inspired to film in India's own paradise to the north.

1 Barsaat (1949)

The first black and white film to be shot in Kashmir, the Raj Kapoor-Nargis starrer Barsaat (1949) also introduced Nimmi. Both Nargis and Nimmi played young women residing in the lovely valleys of the Kashmiri mountains.

2 Junglee (1961)

One of the first films to show off the snow filled mountains of Kashmir in glorious colour, Junglee (1961) featured the film debut of Saira Banu. Aided by Shammi Kapoor's new carefree avatar, Junglee became a bona-fide blockbuster.

3 Ek Musafir Ek Haseena (1962)

This song from Ek Musafir Ek Musafir Ek Haseena was picturised on Joy Mukherjee and Sadhana at Dal Lake. The pair was reunited onscreen after their debuts in Love in Simla (1960). Mukherjee plays Ajay, an Army officer who heads to Kashmir on a secret mission to ward off an uprising after Independence.

4 Phir Wahi Dil Laya Hoon (1963)

Nasir Hussain's Phir Wahi Dil Laya Hoon (1963) had many popular songs by O.P. Nayyar including this hummable tune sung by Mohammed Rafi which was filmed at Nishat Bagh.

5 Kashmir Ki Kali (1964)

Sharmila Tagore played a simple flower girl from Kashmir in her Hindi film debut, Kashmir Ki Kali. Co-star Shammi Kapoor's ashes were immersed in Dal Lake as a mark of his association and affection for the place where several of his iconic films in his career were filmed.

6 Haqeeqat (1964)

India's first war film, with a backdrop of possible action against China, was shot in Ladakh at many locations. Haqeeqat (1964) focused on a group of Indian army soldiers who are thought to be dead and later are saved by Kashmiri gypsies.

7 Aarzoo (1965)

Ramanand Sagar's Arzoo (1965), also known as Love in Kashmir, was a romantic drama in which the two leads Rajendra Kumar and Sadhana first meet and part in the picturesque locales of Kashmir.

8 Jaanwar (1965)

This romance starring Shammi Kapoor and Rajshree found their characters vacationing in Srinagar with Kapoor dressing up as an old shikara to woo Rajshree. Mohammed Rafi sang 'Laal chhadi maidan khadi' which was filmed in the city's lush green park.

9 Mere Sanam (1965)

This remake of Rock Hudson-Gina Lollobrigida-Sandra Dee starrer Come September had Biswajeet romancing both Asha Parekh and Mumtaz. Mere Sanam (1965) was a box office hit and featured favourite songs like 'Hue hain tumpe aashiq hum' and 'Jaaiye aap kahaan jaayenge' shot in Kashmir.

10 Himalay Ki Godmein (1965)

In this Filmfare Award-winning movie, Manoj Kumar is a doctor dedicated to taking care of the medical needs of the poor in the Himalayas and falls in love with a simple village girl, played by Mala Sinha. The film beat out both Haqeeqat and Waqt for the big prize.

11 Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965)

Like his brother before him, Shashi Kapoor too is associated with some classic films set in Kashmir. In Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965), he played Raja, a modest houseboat owner, who falls for Nanda, a heiress on vacation in Kashmir.

12 Do Badan (1966)

A reworking of director Raj Khosla's earlier Deedar (1951), Do Badan (1966) was largely shot in Kashmir in which Manoj Kumar and Asha Parekh, a rich heiress from Shrinagar, play lovers who are separated when her family wishes her to marry someone else.

13 Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971)

Three generations of the Kapoor family came together for RK Films' Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971). The film, which was Randhir Kapoor's acting and directorial debut, was shot in the beautiful valleys of Kashmir.

14 Bobby (1973)

RK Films returned back to Kashmir to introduce Rishi Kapoor and Dimple Kapadia in the eternal love story, Bobby (1973). The cottage featured in the song 'Hum tum ek kamre mein bandh ho' at Gulmarg's Hotel Highland Park was named after the film.

15 Aap Ki Kasam (1974)

Aap Ki Kasam (1974) starring Rajesh Khanna, Mumtaz and Sanjeev Kumar featured the now famous song composed by R.D. Burman, 'Jai jai Shiv Shankar kanta lage na kankar' shot at a local Shiv temple in Gulmarg.

16 Roti (1974)

Manmohan Desai's Roti (1974) had the well-liked pairing of Rajesh Khanna and Mumtaz for the last time. Rajesh Khanna played Mangal Singh who became a criminal as young boy forced to steal a roti due to hunger. Chased by the authorities as an adult, he escapes to seek refuge a small village in the Himalayas.

17 Aandhi (1975)

Gulzar's controversial political drama Aandhi (1975) had Sanjeev Kumar and Suchitra Sen in one of her last onscreen appearances. The timeless classic 'Tere bina zindagi se koi shikwa to nahin' was shot at the ruins of the famous Martand sun temple.

18 Kabhi Kabhie (1976)

Filmmaker Yash Chopra largely shot this multi-generational love story in Kashmir with an all-star cast of Amitabh Bachchan, Rakhee, Shashi Kapoor, Waheeda Rehman, Rishi Kapoor and Neetu Kapoor. Till today, the cast and crew speaks fondly of the fun times spent shooting the film.

19 Bairaag (1976)

Director Asit Sen's Bairaag (1976) which was shot in Kashmir with Dilip Kumar was one of his last roles as a leading man. Kumar had a triple role as a father and his twin sons for which he also received a Filmfare nomination for Best Actor.

20 Khoon Pasina (1977)

Amitabh Bachchan, Vinod Khanna and Rekha starred in Khoon Pasina (1977) directed by Rakesh Kumar in which Bachchan and Khanna played rival dons against the grand backdrop of the mountains and valleys of Kashmir.

21 Noorie (1979)

Character actor Manmohan Krishna's only film as director, Noorie (1979), was one of the only Hindi films to shoot in the Bhaderwah area in the foothills of the Himalayan mountains. Starring Farooq Shaikh, Poonam Dhillon (in her first lead role) and Iftekar, Noorie was a huge success for its production house, Yash Raj Films.

22 Silsila (1981)

Another Yash Chopra production which came to define love in Kashmir, the enduring romantic number 'Dekha Ek Khwab' from Silsila (1981) was partly shot along the rivers and valleys of Pahalgam.

23 Betaab (1983)

The film debut of actors Sunny Deol and Amrita Singh filmed a large portion of its action in a scenic valley in the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir. It was named Betaab Valley owing to the film's popularity and success.

24 Khamosh (1985)

Filmmaker Vidhu Vinod Chopra's early production Khamosh (1985) was a film within a film, set mostly in Pahalgam. Released without any songs, this tense murder mystery had a stellar cast with a fitting score that rightly set the mood.

25 Karma (1986)

Subhash Ghai's Karma (1986) with a large ensemble cast of Dilip Kumar, Nutan, Anil Kapoor, Naseeruddin Shah, Jackie Shroff and Sridevi moved away from romance and instead showed a nation under a foreign threat with the leadership of Dr. Michael Dang played by Anupam Kher. Ghai used the locales of Kashmir in songs like 'Na jaiyo pardes' and 'Maine rab se'.

26 Henna (1991)

Filmmaker Raj Kapoor's last film and passion project was based in Kashmir and eventually completed by son Randhir Kapoor after his demise. Chanderprakash, played by Rishi Kapoor, has a car accident that causes him to navigate over to the Pakistani side of Kashmir where he is nursed back to health by Henna, played by Pakistani television actress Zeba Bakhityar.

27 Dil Se.. (1998)

Mani Rathnam's Dil Se (1998), his third Hindi film set against a terror backdrop, had Shah Rukh Khan, Manisha Koirala and Preity Zinta in key roles. The striking choreography of 'Satrangi re' was picturised on Khan and Koirala at the Basgo Fort near Leh.

28 Mission Kashmir (2000)

Hrithik Roshan shot this film before his debut Kaho Na Pyar Hai (2000) released. The security detail for the film refused to allow him to enter the set in Srinagar as he was dressed as a military and was mistaken as a native Kashmiri.

29 LOC: Kargil (2003)

Based on the real-life operations from 1999 India-Pakistan Kargil war, J.P. Dutta's LOC: Kargil (2003) was filmed in the desolate mountains of Ladakh to show soldiers stationed and in preparation for war.

30 Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Sathiyo (2004)

Director Anil Sharma's take on Indo-Pak relationship also focused on individual soldiers and their struggles. The Amarnath Temple was an integral part of the story and its finale in the film.

31 Agnipankh (2004)

This overlooked film told the story of young Air Force Personnel stationed at Srinagar Air Base before the Kargil war. Starring Jimmy Sheirgill, Rahul Dev and Divya Dutta, Agnipankh was a complete miss at the box office.

32 Lakshya (2004)

Farhan Akhtar's follow up to Dil Chahta Hai (2001) was a coming of age tale, focusing on a confused young man who gains purpose by joining the army. Starring Hrithik Roshan, Amitabh Bachchan and Preity Zinta, Lakshya filmed its intense battle sequences near Tanglang La Pass on the Manali-Leh Road.

33 Yahaan (2005)

Shoojit Sircar's directorial debut is one of the few films that has been entirely filmed in Kashmir. Set in militant occupied Kashmir, Yahaan (2005) is the love story of an army soldier Aman, played by Jimmy Sheirgill, and a local girl Adaa, played by Minissha Lamba in her first film.

34 Tango Charlie (2005)

Director Mani Shankar's film takes a look at an ordinary man's journey to become an army man. Tanu Chauhan aka Tango Charlie, played by Bobby Deol, is stranded on a mission in Kashmir and has to be rescued.

35 Bunty Aur Babli (2005)

Yash Raj Films' crime caper featuring two con artists in Bunty Aur Babli (2005) restarted the trend of filming song sequences in the exotic locations of Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh. Starring Abhishek Bachchan and Rani Mukerji, the soundtrack was composed by Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy who also won the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director.

36 Waqt: The Race Against Time (2005)

Filmmaker Vipul Shah's familial drama starring Amitabh Bachchan, Akshay Kumar and Priyanka Chopra chose Ladakh to place their song 'Subah hogee' from the film.

37 Tahaan (2008)

Award-winning director and cinematographer Santosh Sivan told a sensitive tale of a young Kashmiri boy and his pet donkey in this realistic children's film. Tahaan (2008) was shot on location in Pahalgam.

38 Tashan (2008)

The directorial debut of writer Vijay Krishna Acharya, Tashan (2008) shot several songs in the stunning landscapes of Ladakh. 'Falak tak' picturised on Akshay Kumar and Kareena Kapoor was shot at the Thiksey monastery.

39 Shaurya (2008)

A military court case set in Srinagar unravels a murder within the army in this Rahul Bose-Jaaved Jaffrey starrer. Shaurya (2008) borrows heavily from 1992 Hollywood film A Few Good Men starring Jack Nicholson and Tom Cruise.

40 3 Idiots (2009)

India's biggest blockbuster 3 Idiots (2009) made the beautifully blue Pangong Tso Lake from its finale into a must-see destination to visit for tourists all over the world. In fact, nearby the Hymia Bridge, try and spot the signboard that says '3 Idiots shooting point. All is well!'

41 Sikandar (2009)

One of many films at the end of the aughts that focused on the growing terrorism in Kashmir, Sikandar (2009) starring Parzan Dastur, R. Madhavan and Sanjay Suri depicted how children are also affected from factions on both sides. Filming took place in the Betaab and Aru valleys.

42 Harud (2010)

The National Award-winning film in Urdu, Aamir Bashir's directorial debut Harud (2010) was shot entirely in Srinagar and focuses on the lost young men in the militant insurgency of the troubled valley. With Iranian actor Reza Naji in a prominent role, the film takes a long, hard look at those left behind.

43 Lamhaa (2010)

The initial portions of Lamhaa (2010) in which Sanjay Dutt plays an army intelligence officer were shot in Kashmir, particularly the song 'Madno re' was shot at the Pari Mahal and Dal lake in Srinagar. It was picturised on actors Kunal Kapoor and Bipasha Basu.

44 Rockstar (2011)

Imtiaz Ali's extreme musical journey of young singer turned rockstar with Ranbir Kapoor used several locations in Kulgam and Srinagar in Kashmir. Rockstar's lead actress Nargis Fakhri played a Kashmiri girl named Heer. It was first time that a traditional Kashmiri Pandit wedding was shown onscreen.

45 7 Khoon Maaf (2011)

Filmmaker Vishal Bhardwaj's adaptation of Ruskin Bond's short story featured the song 'Tere liye' shot at Gulmarg, Jallani House and Shalimar Gardens in Srinagar. The song was picturised on Priyanka Chopra and one of her onscreen husbands, Irrfan Khan.

46 Student of the Year (2012)

The much parodied song 'Ishq wala love' from Karan Johar's Student of the Year (2012) introduced Varun Dhawan, Sidharth Malhotra and Alia Bhatt in a love triangle. The number was filmed on snow-covered mountains of Pahalgam.

47 Jab Tak Hain Jaan (2012)

For his last film, filmmaker Yash Chopra shot several key sequences in Gulmarg and locations such as Thiksey monastery and Pangong Tso Ladakh and Leh. Jab Tak Hain Jaan (2012), starring Shah Rukh Khan, Katrina Kaif and Anushka Sharma arrived in theatres after Chopra's death a mere month before the release date.

48 Highway (2014)

Imtiaz Ali's road movie Highway starring Alia Bhatt and Randeep Hooda showed off much off India's national roads. The characters in the film end up and making a home in the breathtaking Aru valley in Jammu and Kashmir.

49 Haider (2014)

Vishal Bhardwaj's third film in his William Shakespeare trilogy, Haider (2014) is Hamlet set in Kashmir. Filmed in many iconic locations in old Srinagar and Pahalgam, this retelling of the Bard brought the current conflict in Kashmir to the fore for many viewers. Songs such as 'Bismil' were shot entirely at the Martand Sun Temple in Anantnag.

50 Bajrangi Bhaijaan (2015)

One of the first Hindi films to shoot in the region after floods devastated the region in September 2014, Kabir Khan's Bajrangi Bhaijaan with Salman Khan has gone on to become the top blockbuster of 2015. The film's moving finale was shot at the Thajwas glacier near Sonamarg in Kashmir.

51 Wazir (2016)

Bejoy Nambiar's Wazir, written by Vidhu Vinod Chopra and Abhijat Joshi, revolved around a disgraced ATS officer and retired chess teacher who come together as grieving parents to gain vengeance for their slain daughters. The key section of the film's climax was filmed in Srinagar, Kashmir.

52 Fitoor (2016)

Moving the central action of Charles Dicken's Great Expectations from London to the snowy valleys of Kashmir, director Abhishek Kapoor cast Aditya Roy Kapur as Noor, Katrina Kaif as Firdaus and Tabu as Begum Hazrat in Fitoor. Many sequences were captured in Srinagar and along Nishat Bagh at Dal Lake.